Registered parks and gardens
The Historic England 'Register of Historic Parks and Gardens of special historic interest in England' was first established in 1983. The Register currently identifies over 1,600 sites assessed to be of particular significance. You can search for registered parks and gardens on the National Heritage List for England.
The Register typically includes gardens, grounds and other planned open spaces, such as town squares which have special interest. The majority of sites registered are, or started life as, the grounds of private houses, but public parks and cemeteries form important categories too.
Even hospital landscapes and landscaping associated with industrial heritage could be included if they have skilfully-planned surroundings reflecting the landscaping fashions of their day. The emphasis of the Register is on 'designed' landscapes, rather than on planting or botanical importance.
Historic parks and gardens are a fragile and finite resource, and they can easily be damaged beyond repair or lost forever. Whether in an urban or rural setting, such places are an important and distinctive element of the landscape.
In order to identify those sites which are of particular historic significance, Historic England is enabled by government to compile the 'Register of Parks and Gardens of special historic interest in England'. The reasons for designation are set out in Historic England’s Parks and Gardens Selection Guides.
The main purpose of this register is to celebrate designed landscapes of note, and encourage appropriate protection. It is hoped that, by drawing attention to sites in this way, we will increase awareness of their value and encourage those who own them, or who otherwise have a role in their protection and their future, to treat these special places with due care.
There are 4 registered parks and gardens in Newark and Sherwood
A minor part of the Grade I Clumber Park falls within Budby parish (otherwise part of Bassetlaw).
Whilst statutory protection does not apply to ‘Registered Parks and Gardens’ (other than for Listed Buildings or Conservation Areas within those sites), a strong presumption in favour of conservation is nonetheless given in both national and local planning policies.
Registration is therefore a 'material consideration' in the planning process, meaning that planning authorities must consider the impact of any proposed development on the landscapes' special character.
In accordance with Article 18 of and Schedule 4 to the Town and Country Planning (Development Management Procedure)(England) Order 2015, the local planning authority must consult Historic England on development proposals likely to affect a Grade I or II* Registered Park and Garden, and The Gardens Trust for proposals affecting any Registered Park and Garden.
Please note that registered sites are not usually open to the public unless advertised elsewhere as being so.
Unregistered parks and gardens
Designed landscapes form an integral part of the heritage of Newark and Sherwood.
Whilst a small number of the district’s historic landscapes are on the national register (and therefore receive a strong level of protection in the planning system), the vast majority of sites are not registered. It is therefore the role of the local planning authority to identify these landscapes and examine their significance, in order to better inform planning decision-making.
Landscapes shaped by human activity which are not on the national register but are identified locally as having a degree of significance because of their heritage interest are likely to be regarded as non-designated heritage assets. These identified landscapes merit consideration in planning decisions.
In some cases, these parks and gardens contain buildings, whilst in others there are no buildings and only small-scale features such as monuments, walls or walkways. Natural features might also contribute to significance, including trees, hedges, lawns or under-lying topography. Views into, out of and within the site may also contribute to significance.
The types of sites identified by us include:
- Public parks
- Formal gardens
- Archaeological landscapes
- Landscaped private parks and gardens
- Municipal cemeteries
How are unregistered parks and gardens identified?
The majority of the unregistered parks and gardens in Newark and Sherwood District are identified on the Nottinghamshire Historic Environment Record (HER) administered by Nottinghamshire County Council. The Conservation Team has used the County Council HER data as the starting point for the assessments, with a review of each boundary carried out as part of the process. In a small number of cases, it may be considered that a particular site from the County list no longer merits identification as there is a lack of coherent heritage interest.
The identification of new unregistered park and gardens is carried out using the definition informed by the Historic England Registered Park & Garden selection guides, which state that an unregistered park and garden should comprise the following:
Landscapes shaped by human activity which are not on the national register but are identified locally as having a degree of significance meriting consideration in planning decisions, because of their heritage interest.
Further details on the methodology for identifying non-designated heritage assets can be found in the Local Heritage Assets section. A specific criteria for unregistered parks and gardens is currently being drafted and will appear on the consultation page in due course.