Conservation areas are created where a local planning authority identifies an area of special architectural or historic interest, deserving of careful management to protect its character. The first conservation areas were designated in 1967 and there are now nearly 10,000 in England.
Newark and Sherwood District Council has designated 47 conservation areas. A conservation area’s local distinctiveness can provide a catalyst for regeneration, inspiring well-designed new development that brings economic and social benefits.
Conservation area designation offers a positive way to manage change in a way that conserves and enhances historic areas.
Identifying conservation areas
An area may be a conservation area for a number of reasons including a historic layout of streets, or a grouping of historic buildings that reflect the materials and style of the region. It may also be an area reflective of a particular historical time period, or it where the relationships between buildings and spaces create a unique historic environment.
There are many different types of conservation area including:
- the centres of historic towns and cities
- model villages and planned housing estates
- 18th and 19th-century suburbs
- country houses set in their historic parks
- historic transport links and their environs, such as stretches of canal
Conservation area review
We’re currently undertaking a review of our conservation areas to ensure they’re still relevant and meaningful. The special interest of areas designated many years ago may have been eroded by piecemeal change or poorly designed development. We’ll be checking whether boundary revisions are needed, or in exceptional circumstances, we may reconsider the conservation area designation as a whole.
An up-to-date character appraisal of each area will demonstrate the area’s special interest and character, providing a clear explanation to owners, businesses and residents.
The priorities for our current conservation area review are:
These have been agreed for a number of reasons, including relative development pressure and areas identified as at risk.
Conservation area appraisals
Part of the review process includes the creation of conservation area appraisals. These documents will give an overview of the history and development of each conservation area, defining what it is that makes it special. The community will be consulted as part of this process.
When adopted, conservation area appraisals will be material to the determination of planning applications. They are also useful as educational and informative documents, expressing what the community particularly values about the place where they live and work.
This greater understanding of an area’s character can be used to guide those considering investment in an area to a better understanding of suitable scale, form and content of new developments.
Conservation area management plans
Once a conservation area is designated, we have a duty to preserve and enhance its character.
Regularly reviewed appraisals, identifying threats and opportunities, can be developed into management plans promoting beneficial change.
Local communities should be involved in many ways with conservation area reviews, including:
- targeted meetings and workshops (perhaps with a parish or town council)
- organised walks around the affected area
- publication of a draft appraisal document on our website that is open for consultation and comment
The final draft of each conservation area appraisal will be accompanied by a report explaining how community involvement and public consultation has been undertaken, how the input from the community was evaluated and how it has influenced the definition of special interest and the recommendations.
Planning permission in conservation areas
Within a conservation area a number of works will require planning permission. These include the demolition of buildings as well as certain types of minor development, such as the rendering cladding of a building, or the installation of a satellite dish.
Trees within a conservation area are protected. Find out more about trees and nature conservation.
These controls are not intended to stifle development. They are there to ensure that development and change is managed in a sensitive manner that respects the character of the area.
Existing Article 4 directions
There are a number or properties within Newark which have had their permitted development rights restricted by Article 4 directions. These include a number of 18th and 19th century properties on Balderton Gate, King Street, Parliament Street and Victoria Street:
- Balderton Gate 107 to 115
- Balderton Gate 123 to 133
- King Street 1 to 5
- King Street 2 to 14
- King Street 9 to 49
- Parliament Street 28 to 42
- Victoria Street 12 to 52
- Whitfield Street 57
- William Street 72
As part of our conservation area appraisal review process, Article 4 directions within existing areas will be reassessed. New Article 4 directions may also be considered, particularly to tackle at risk areas.
For further information on Article 4 directions, call us on 01636 650 000 or email email@example.com.
Demolition within a conservation area
A building in a conservation area must not be demolished without the consent of the local planning authority. It’s a criminal offence to fail to obtain consent in the form of planning permission, but this is only required for certain types of demolition.
Please contact us for further advice on the need for planning permission for relevant demolition in a conservation area. You’ll find the application form for consent for relevant demolition on the Planning Portal.
Conservation area maps
At risk conservation areas
512 conservation areas in the UK were recorded as at risk by local planning authorities in Historic England’s national survey in 2017. This risk comes from pressure for inappropriate new development, vacancy, decay or damage.
In the Newark and Sherwood district, there are currently three conservation areas at risk: Newark, Ollerton and Upton. The main reasons for this relate to the level of vacancy and neglect.
As part of our review of the district’s conservation areas, management proposals for tackling heritage at risk will be produced. In addition, free pre-application advice will be given to projects where heritage is at risk. This status will need to have been identified in either an appraisal document, or on the national national heritage at risk register or local buildings at risk register.